Attacking Structures

As detailed in the tactical theory Attacking Structures* guide, attacking structures are tactical structures formed by a team’s attacking shape*, off the ball movement* and on the ball movement*.

Appropriate attacking structures can be achieved by considering your use of forward movement partnerships*, as well as your team’s penetration score*, solidity score* and support score*.

Example attacking structures are provided in the Example Tactics article.

Forward Movement Partnerships

As detailed in the tactical theory Attacking Structures* guide, a forward movement partnership is a pairing of two players (the partners) who are assigned nearby playing positions* and make vertical movement such that their relative or combined vertical movement creates space*.

Forward movement partnerships can be implemented by assigning suitable tactical roles* to an attacking partner* and an ancillary partner* in each partnership.

Detailed for each of the main positional areas, where relevant, are:

  • General usage – the recommended types of (off the ball) forward movement partnership to use. On the flanks and in central attack these depend on your desired playing style.
  • Types of forward movement partnership – suggestions for implementing each type of forward movement partnership that is mentioned in the recommended use.

You may want to select more generalist player roles and duties at this stage and make adjustments later when considering responsibility distribution*, which is analysed in the Central Defence, Central Midfield, Flank and Central Attack Responsibilities guides. Such player roles and duties are shown below in bold italics.

Central Defence

Forward movement partnerships are not necessary in central defence.

Central Midfield

General Usage

Recommended types of forward movement partnership:

Low Risk Direct Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Sitting/holding DMDefensive Midfielder (DM Defend); Deep Lying Playmaker (DM Defend/Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (DM Defend); Anchor Man (DM Defend); Half Back (DM Defend).
  • Sitting/holding CMCentral Midfielder (CM Defend); Deep Lying Playmaker (CM Defend/Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Defend).
  • Auxiliary sitting/holding DM (narrow and sitting/holding WB) – Inverted Wing Back (WB Defend).
  • Auxiliary sitting/holding CM (narrow and sitting/holding WM) – none.

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Supporting* central midfielder.
    • Possible playing positions – DM (if the ancillary partner is also a DM); CM.
    • Possible auxiliary players – narrow and supporting WB or WM acting as an auxiliary wide and off-centre DM or CM.
    • Required active player instructions
      • Auxiliary players
        • WB/WM – Sit Narrower.
    • Required unactive player instructions – Get Further Forward; Hold Position.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Supporting DMDefensive Midfielder (DM Support); Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (DM Support); Regista (DM Support); Roaming Playmaker (DM Support).
  • Supporting CMCentral Midfielder (CM Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Support); Box To Box Midfielder (CM Support); Advanced Playmaker (CM Support); Advanced Playmaker (CM Attack); Roaming Playmaker (CM Support); Carrilero (Off-Centre CM Support).
  • Auxiliary supporting DM (narrow and supporting WB) – Inverted Wing Back (WB Support).
  • Auxiliary supporting CM (narrow and supporting WM) – Inverted Winger (WM Support); Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack).

The Flanks

General Usage

Recommended types of forward movement partnership:

High Risk Overlapping Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Supporting WMWide Midfielder (WM Support); Inverted Winger (WM Support); Winger (WM Support); Defensive Winger (WM Support); Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack).
  • Supporting WFWinger (WF Support); Inside Forward (WF Support); Advanced Playmaker (WF Support/Attack); Trequartista (WF Attack).
  • Auxiliary supporting WM (supporting off-centre CM) if using a lone wide player on the same flank – Central Midfielder (Off-Centre CM Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (Off-Centre CM Support); Box To Box Midfielder (Off-Centre CM Support); Advanced Playmaker (Off-Centre CM Support); Advanced Playmaker (Off-Centre CM Attack); Roaming Playmaker (Off-Centre CM Support); Carrilero (Off-Centre CM Support).
  • Auxiliary supporting WF (supporting off-centre AM) if using a lone wide player on the same flank – Attacking Midfielder (Off-Centre AM Support); Advanced Playmaker (Off-Centre AM Support/Attack); Trequartista (Off-Centre AM Attack); Enganche (Off-Centre AM Attack).

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive* deep wide player.
    • Possible playing positions – FB; WB.
    • Possible auxiliary players – none.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive FBFull Back (FB Attack); Wing Back (FB Attack); Complete Wing Back (FB Attack); Inverted Wing Back (FB Attack).
  • Offensive WBWing Back (WB Attack); Complete Wing Back (WB Attack); Inverted Wing Back (WB Attack).

Wing Back (FB/WB Support) and Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support) can also be used for the attacking partner. However, they are not recommended because they use a relatively low risk mentality*, which is more suitable for the ancillary partner in an overloading partnership*, as explained in the tactical theory Mentality Systems* guide.

Medium Risk Overlapping Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Sitting/holding WMWide Midfielder (WM Defend); Defensive Winger (WM Defend).
  • Sitting/holding WF – Wide Target Man (WF Support).
  • Auxiliary sitting/holding WM (sitting/holding off-centre CM) if using a lone wide player on the same flank – Central Midfielder (Off-Centre CM Defend); Deep Lying Playmaker (Off-Centre CM Defend/Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (Off-Centre CM Defend).
  • Auxiliary sitting/holding WF (sitting/holding off-centre AM) if using a lone wide player on the same flank – none.

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive* deep wide player.
    • Possible playing positions – FB; WB.
    • Possible auxiliary players – none.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive FBFull Back (FB Attack); Wing Back (FB Attack); Complete Wing Back (FB Attack); Inverted Wing Back (FB Attack).
  • Offensive WBWing Back (WB Attack); Complete Wing Back (WB Attack); Inverted Wing Back (WB Attack).

Wing Back (FB/WB Support) and Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support) can also be used for the attacking partner. However, they are not recommended, as explained above for high risk overlapping partnerships.

High Risk Direct Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Supporting FBFull Back (FB Support); Inverted Wing Back (FB Support).
  • Supporting WB – Inverted Wing Back (FB Support).
  • Auxiliary supporting WB (supporting off-centre DM) if using a lone wing back on the same flank – Defensive Midfielder (Off-Centre DM Support); Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Support); Ball Winning Midfielder (Off-Centre DM Support); Regista (Off-Centre DM Support); Roaming Playmaker (Off-Centre DM Support).

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive* advanced wide player.
    • Possible playing positions – WM; WF.
    • Possible auxiliary players – none.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive WMWide Midfielder (WM Attack); Inverted Winger (WM Attack); Winger (WM Attack).
  • Offensive WFWinger (WF Attack); Inside Forward (WF Attack); Wide Target Man (WF Attack); Raumdeuter (WF Attack).

Overloading Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive FBFull Back (FB Attack); Wing Back (FB Support/Attack); Complete Wing Back (FB Support/Attack); Inverted Wing Back (FB Attack).
  • Offensive WBWing Back (WB Support/Attack); Complete Wing Back (WB Support/Attack); Inverted Wing Back (WB Attack).

Wing Back (FB/WB Support) and Complete Wing Back (FB/WB Support) are particularly suitable for the ancillary partner in an overloading partnership because they use a relatively low risk mentality*, as explained in the tactical theory Mentality Systems* guide.

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive advanced wide player.
    • Possible playing positions – WM; WF.
    • Possible auxiliary players – offensive (wide and) off-centre CM or AM acting as an auxiliary narrow* and offensive WM or WF if using a lone wide player* on the same flank.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive WMWide Midfielder (WM Attack); Inverted Winger (WM Attack); Winger (WM Attack).
  • Offensive WFWinger (WF Attack); Inside Forward (WF Attack); Wide Target Man (WF Attack); Raumdeuter (WF Attack).
  • Auxiliary offensive WM (offensive off-centre CM) if using a lone wide player on the same flank – Central Midfielder (Off-Centre CM Attack); Mezzala (Off-Centre CM Support/Attack).
  • Auxiliary offensive WF (offensive off-centre AM) if using a lone wide player on the same flank – Attacking Midfielder (Off-Centre AM Attack); Shadow Striker (Off-Centre AM Attack)

Central Attack

General Usage

Recommended types of forward movement partnership:

High Risk Overlapping Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Supporting CFDeep Lying Forward (CF Support); Target Man (CF Support); Complete Forward (CF Support); Defensive Forward (CF Support); Trequartista (CF Attack); False Nine (CF Support).

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive* attacking midfielder.
    • Possible playing positions – AM.
    • Possible auxiliary players – offensive, and narrow*, roaming* or inverted*, WF acting as an auxiliary offensive wide and off-centre AM.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.
      • Auxiliary players
        • WF – Sit Narrower, Roam From Position or Cut Inside With Ball.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive AMAttacking Midfielder (AM Attack); Shadow Striker (AM Attack).
  • Auxiliary offensive AM (offensive, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WF) – Inside Forward (WF Attack); Raumdeuter (WF Attack).

Medium Risk Overlapping Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Sitting/holding CF – Defensive Forward (CF Defend).

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive* attacking midfielder.
    • Possible playing positions – AM.
    • Possible auxiliary players – offensive, and narrow*, roaming* or inverted*, WF acting as an auxiliary offensive wide and off-centre AM.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.
      • Auxiliary players
        • WF – Sit Narrower, Roam From Position or Cut Inside With Ball.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive AMAttacking Midfielder (AM Attack); Shadow Striker (AM Attack).
  • Auxiliary offensive AM (offensive, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WF) – Inside Forward (WF Attack); Raumdeuter (WF Attack).

High Risk Direct Partnerships

Ancillary partner tactical roles:

  • Supporting* central attacker.
    • Possible playing positions* – AM; CF (if the attacking partner is also a CF).
    • Possible auxiliary players*offensive* CM acting as an auxiliary supporting AM; supporting, and narrow*, roaming* or inverted*, WF acting as an auxiliary supporting wide and off-centre AM; offensive, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WM acting as an auxiliary supporting wide and off-centre AM.
    • Required active player instructions
      • Auxiliary players
        • CM/WM – Get Further Forward.
        • WM/WF – Sit Narrower, Roam From Position or Cut Inside With Ball.
    • Required unactive player instructions – Get Further Forward (except for CM/WM); Hold Position.

Ancillary partner roles and duties:

  • Supporting AMAttacking Midfielder (AM Support); Advanced Playmaker (AM Attack); Trequartista (AM Attack); Enganche (AM Attack).
  • Supporting CFDeep Lying Forward (CF Support); Target Man (CF Support); Complete Forward (CF Support); Defensive Forward (CF Support); Trequartista (CF Attack); False Nine (CF Support).
  • Auxiliary supporting AM (offensive CM) – Central Midfielder (CM Attack); Mezzala (Off-Centre CM Support/Attack).
  • Auxiliary supporting AM (supporting, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WF) – Inside Forward (WF Support); Advanced Playmaker (WF Support/Attack); Trequartista (WF Attack).
  • Auxiliary supporting AM (offensive, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WM) – Inverted Winger (WM Attack).

Attacking partner tactical roles:

  • Offensive central attacker.
    • Possible playing positions – AM (if the ancillary partner is also an AM); CF.
    • Possible auxiliary players – offensive, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WF acting as an auxiliary offensive wide and off-centre AM.
    • Required active player instructions – Get Further Forward.
      • Auxiliary players
        • WF – Sit Narrower, Roam From Position or Cut Inside With Ball.

Attacking partner roles and duties:

  • Offensive AMAttacking Midfielder (AM Attack); Shadow Striker (AM Attack).
  • Offensive CFDeep Lying Forward (CF Attack); Advanced Forward (CF Attack); Target Man (CF Attack); Poacher (CF Attack); Complete Forward (CF Attack).
  • Auxiliary offensive AM (offensive, and narrow, roaming or inverted, WF) – Inside Forward (WF Attack); Raumdeuter (WF Attack).

Penetration Score

As explained in the tactical theory Attacking Structures* guide, a team’s penetration score can be used to assess whether the typical vertical movement of its players enables them to penetrate space* effectively.

Along with the solidity score and support score, the penetration score can be used to fine-tune your team’s formation and attacking structures.

Details of how to calculate your team’s penetration score and the recommended range of scores are provided below. Included in each part of the calculation are the relevant player roles and duties, if used with their default player instructions, as per the analysis in the Player Roles & Duties guides.

Recommended score:

  • 1.00 or higher.
  • For a high relative overall ability team (or in matches against low relative overall ability teams) – you may want to use attacking structures that give a moderate to high penetration score.
  • For a low relative overall ability team (or in matches against high relative overall ability teams) – you may want to use attacking structures that give a moderate to low penetration score.

Score interpretation:

  • Low <= 1.00
  • Moderate <= 1.10
  • High <= 1.20+

Calculation: the sum of your players’ contribution scores divided by 2.50.

The contribution scores are as follows:

  • … Deep Lying Forward (CF Attack),
  • Advanced Forward (CF Attack),
  • Target Man (CF Attack),
  • Poacher (CF Attack), and
  • Complete Forward (CF Attack).
  • 0.75 for supporting* CFs => players assigned a CF playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Deep Lying Forward (CF Support),
  • Target Man (CF Support),
  • Complete Forward (CF Support),
  • Defensive Forward (CF Support), and
  • Trequartista (CF Attack).
  • False Nine (CF Support).
  • 0.75 for offensive AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Attacking Midfielder (AM Attack),
  • Shadow Striker (AM Attack),
  • Winger (WF Attack),
  • Inside Forward (WF Attack),
  • Wide Target Man (WF Attack), and
  • Raumdeuter (WF Attack).
  • 0.50 for sitting* (or holding*) CFs => players assigned a CF playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Defensive Forward (CF Defend).
  • 0.50 for supporting AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Attacking Midfielder (AM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (AM Attack),
  • Trequartista (AM Attack),
  • Enganche (AM Attack),
  • Winger (WF Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (WF Support/Attack),
  • Inside Forward (WF Support), and
  • Trequartista (WF Attack).
  • 0.50 for offensive CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Attack),
  • Mezzala (Off-Centre CM Support/Attack),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Attack),
  • Winger (WM Attack), and
  • Inverted Winger (WM Attack).
  • 0.25 for sitting (or holding) AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Advanced Playmaker (AM Support), and
  • Wide Target Man (WF Support).
  • 0.25 for supporting CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Box To Box Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM Attack),
  • Roaming Playmaker (CM Support),
  • Carrilero (Off-Centre CM Support),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Support),
  • Winger (WM Support),
  • Defensive Winger (WM Support),
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Winger (WM Support).
  • 0.25 for offensive DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Attack),
  • Wing Back (WB Support/Attack),
  • Complete Wing Back (WB Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Attack).

Solidity Score

As explained in the tactical theory Attacking Structures* guide, a team’s solidity score can be used to assess whether the typical vertical movement of its players enables them to retain solidity* effectively.

Along with the penetration score and support score, the solidity score can be used to fine-tune your team’s formation and attacking structures.

Details of how to calculate your team’s solidity score and the recommended range of scores are provided below. Included in each part of the calculation are the relevant player roles and duties, if used with their default player instructions, as per the analysis in the Player Roles & Duties guides.

Recommended score:

  • 1.00 or higher.
  • For a high relative overall ability team (or in matches against low relative overall ability teams) – you may want to use attacking structures that give a moderate to low solidity score.
  • For a low relative overall ability team (or in matches against high relative overall ability teams) – you may want to use attacking structures that give a moderate to high solidity score.

Score interpretation:

  • Low <= 1.00
  • Moderate <= 1.06
  • High <= 1.13+

Calculation: the sum of your players’ contribution scores divided by 4.00.

The contribution scores are as follows:

  • 1.00 for sitting* (or holding*) SWs, CBs and FBs => players assigned a SW, CB or FB playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Sweeper (SW Defend),
  • Central Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover),
  • Ball Playing Defender (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover),
  • Defensive Centre Back (CB Defend/Stopper/Cover),
  • Full Back (FB Defend),
  • Wing Back (FB Defend),
  • Defensive Full Back (FB Defend), and
  • and Inverted Wing Back (FB Defend).
  • 0.75 for supporting* SWs and FBs => players assigned a SW or FB playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Libero (SW Support),
  • Full Back (FB Support), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB Support).
  • 0.75 for sitting (or holding) DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Defensive Midfielder (DM Defend),
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (DM Defend/Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM Defend),
  • Anchor Man (DM Defend),
  • Half Back (DM Defend),
  • Wing Back (WB Defend), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Defend).
  • 0.50 for offensive* SWs and FBs => players assigned a SW or FB playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Libero (SW Attack),
  • Full Back (FB Attack),
  • Wing Back (FB Support/Attack),
  • Complete Wing Back (FB Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB Attack).
  • 0.50 for supporting DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Defensive Midfielder (DM Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM Support),
  • Regista (DM Support),
  • Roaming Playmaker (DM Support),
  • Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Support), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Support).
  • 0.50 for sitting (or holding) CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Defend),
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (CM Defend/Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Defend),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Defend), and
  • Defensive Winger (WM Defend).
  • 0.25 for offensive DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Attack),
  • Wing Back (WB Support/Attack),
  • Complete Wing Back (WB Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Attack).
  • 0.25 for supporting CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Box To Box Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM Attack),
  • Roaming Playmaker (CM Support),
  • Carrilero (Off-Centre CM Support),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Support),
  • Winger (WM Support),
  • Defensive Winger (WM Support),
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Winger (WM Support).
  • 0.25 for sitting (or holding) AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Advanced Playmaker (AM Support), and
  • Wide Target Man (WF Support).

Support Score

As explained in the tactical theory Attacking Structures* guide, a team’s support score can be used to assess whether the typical vertical movement of its players enables them to provide attacking support* effectively.

Along with the penetration score and solidity score, the support score can be used to fine-tune your team’s formation and attacking structures.

Recommended score:

Score interpretation:

  • Low <= 0.92 or 1.00
  • Moderate <= 1.08 or 1.17
  • High <= 1.25 or 1.33+

Calculation: the sum of your players’ contribution scores divided by 4.00.

The contribution scores are as follows:

  • 1.00 for offensive DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Attack),
  • Wing Back (WB Support/Attack),
  • Complete Wing Back (WB Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Attack).
  • 1.00 for supporting CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Box To Box Midfielder (CM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (CM Attack),
  • Roaming Playmaker (CM Support),
  • Carrilero (Off-Centre CM Support),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Support),
  • Winger (WM Support),
  • Defensive Winger (WM Support),
  • Wide Playmaker (WM Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Winger (WM Support).
  • 1.00 for sitting (or holding) AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Advanced Playmaker (AM Support), and
  • Wide Target Man (WF Support).
  • 0.67 for offensive* SWs and FBs => players assigned a SW or FB playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Libero (SW Attack),
  • Full Back (FB Attack),
  • Wing Back (FB Support/Attack),
  • Complete Wing Back (FB Support/Attack), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB Attack).
  • 0.67 for offensive CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Attack),
  • Mezzala (Off-Centre CM Support/Attack),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Attack),
  • Winger (WM Attack), and
  • Inverted Winger (WM Attack).
  • 0.67 for sitting (or holding) CMs and WMs => players assigned a CM or WM playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Central Midfielder (CM Defend),
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (CM Defend/Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (CM Defend),
  • Wide Midfielder (WM Defend), and
  • Defensive Winger (WM Defend).
  • 0.67 for supporting DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Defensive Midfielder (DM Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM Support),
  • Regista (DM Support),
  • Roaming Playmaker (DM Support),
  • Segundo Volante (Off-Centre DM Support), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Support).
  • 0.67 for supporting AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Attacking Midfielder (AM Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (AM Attack),
  • Trequartista (AM Attack),
  • Enganche (AM Attack),
  • Winger (WF Support),
  • Advanced Playmaker (WF Support/Attack),
  • Inside Forward (WF Support), and
  • Trequartista (WF Attack).
  • 0.67 for sitting* (or holding*) CFs => players assigned a CF playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Defensive Forward (CF Defend).
  • 0.33 for supporting* SWs and FBs => players assigned a SW or FB playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Libero (SW Support),
  • Full Back (FB Support), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (FB Support).
  • 0.33 for sitting (or holding) DMs and WBs => players assigned a DM or WB playing position and instructed to Hold Position, such as …
  • … Defensive Midfielder (DM Defend),
  • Deep Lying Playmaker (DM Defend/Support),
  • Ball Winning Midfielder (DM Defend),
  • Anchor Man (DM Defend),
  • Half Back (DM Defend),
  • Wing Back (WB Defend), and
  • Inverted Wing Back (WB Defend).
  • 0.33 for offensive AMs and WFs => players assigned an AM or WF playing position and instructed to Get Further Forward, such as …
  • … Attacking Midfielder (AM Attack),
  • Shadow Striker (AM Attack),
  • Winger (WF Attack),
  • Inside Forward (WF Attack),
  • Wide Target Man (WF Attack), and
  • Raumdeuter (WF Attack).
  • 0.33 for supporting* CFs => players assigned a CF playing position and not instructed to Get Further Forward nor Hold Position, such as …
  • … Deep Lying Forward (CF Support),
  • Target Man (CF Support),
  • Complete Forward (CF Support),
  • Defensive Forward (CF Support),
  • Trequartista (CF Attack), and
  • False Nine (CF Support).